East africa dating
The Eastern, or Great, Rift Valley extends from the Red Sea’s junction with the Gulf of Aden southward across the highlands of Ethiopia and Kenya and continues on into Tanzania.The Western Rift Valley curves along the western borders of Uganda and Tanzania.The main coastal settlements were situated on islands, largely, no doubt, because of the greater security these provided against attacks from the mainland; and their populations seem mostly to have been made up from migrants from the Persian Gulf—some from the great port of Sīrāf, others from near Bahrain—though conceivably some too came from Daybul, at the mouth of the Indus River, in northwestern India.They exported ivory (some of it went as far as China) and also tortoiseshell, ambergris, and leopard skins.Rhapta’s main imports were metal weapons and iron tools—suggesting that iron smelting was not yet known., although this could also be either Pemba or Zanzibar (perhaps there has been a conflation of all three in the one name).For discussion of the physical and human geography of individual countries in the region and of their late colonial and postcolonial history, describes in some detail the shore of what was to become northern Somalia.
Arab traders from about 700 seem to have preferred the East African coast to the south of modern Somalia.
The largest ethnic groups in eastern Africa are the Oromo, Cushitic speakers who occupy much of southern Ethiopia, and the related Somali, who occupy all of Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and much of Djibouti. The main ethnic groups of Eritrea, the Tigray and the Tigre, are speakers of Semitic languages.
Both the Tigray and the Amhara, another Semitic-speaking group, dominate northwestern Ethiopia.
The Horn of Africa, a major peninsular extension of the African mainland into the Arabian Sea, contains the vast lowland coastal plains of Somalia.
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations.
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The two most striking highlands are in Ethiopia and Kenya, respectively, where large areas reach elevations of 6,500 to 10,000 feet (2,000 to 3,000 metres).